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1 edition of Developmental testing of a prototype all-reflection Michelson interferometer found in the catalog.

Developmental testing of a prototype all-reflection Michelson interferometer

Allan David Risley

Developmental testing of a prototype all-reflection Michelson interferometer

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Published by Naval Postgraduate School, Available from National Technical Information Service in Monterey, Calif, Springfield, Va .
Written in English


About the Edition

A prototype all-reflective Michelson interferometer is tested using visible laser, sodium, and mercury light sources. The design uses an off-axis parabolic mirror for collimation, a plane diffraction grating and two plane mirrors to divide and recombine incident light. Interference fringes were seen using the laser light source, but instrument performance with other sources was unreliable as a result of difficulties in constructing the instrument with enough mechanical precision. A method of using a full-size template to position the instrument"s optical elements was discovered, and the efficacy of an image intensifier/photodiode array combination for use as a detector was verified. The feasibility of the interferometer design was verified by the observation of interference fringes using mercury 5461 A light. A practical instrument would be compact, light weight, and require no moving parts.

Edition Notes

StatementAllan David Risley, Jr
The Physical Object
Pagination43 p. ;
Number of Pages43
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL25504510M

World's Best PowerPoint Templates - CrystalGraphics offers more PowerPoint templates than anyone else in the world, with over 4 million to choose from. Winner of the Standing Ovation Award for “Best PowerPoint Templates” from Presentations Magazine. They'll give your presentations a professional, memorable appearance - the kind of sophisticated look that today's audiences expect. The Michelson Interferometer The Michelson interferometer is a device that produces interference between two beams of light. A diagram of the apparatus is shown in Fig The basic operation of the interferometer is as follows. Light from a light source is split into two parts. One part of the light travels a different path length than the other. The wave theory of light Michelson"s experiment Measurement of the metre Coherence Interference filters Interference spectroscopy The development of the laser Electronic techniques Heterodyne techniques Holographic interferometry Speckle interferrometry Stellar interferometry Relativity.


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Developmental testing of a prototype all-reflection Michelson interferometer by Allan David Risley Download PDF EPUB FB2

Calhoun: The NPS Institutional Archive Theses and Dissertations Thesis Collection Developmental testing of a prototype all-reflection Michelson interferometer. Developmental Testing of a Prototype All-Reflection Michelson Interferometer by Allan David Risley, Jr.

Lieutenant, United States Navy B.S., The Ohio State University, Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE IN PHYSICS from the NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL June Author.:Aa~'& A49 Allan. Developmental testing of a prototype all-reflection Michelson interferometer Risley, Allan D., Jr.

Abstract. A prototype all-reflective Michelson interferometer is tested using visible laser, sodium, and mercury light sources. The design uses an off-axis parabolic mirror for collimation, a plane diffraction grating, and two plane mirrors to Author: Allan David Risley.

The design of an All-Reflection Michelson Interferometer for use in the ultraviolet region is presented. Two different Mercury light sources, a pen- ray lamp and a germicidal lamp, were used to evaluate the performance of the instrument at : Calhoun: The NPS Institutional Archive Theses and Dissertations Thesis Collection Design, development and testing of the All-Reflection Michelson Interferometer (AMI) for use.

The beam splitter of the all-reflection Michelson interferometer consists of a combination of three parallel diffraction gratings. This paper extends the analysis of the instrument to include the effects of lateral errors in the grating adjustment (i.e., displacements parallel to the grating faces and perpendicular to the grooves).

Such errors are shown to introduce a phase shift independent. size s, Developmental testing of a prototype all-reflection Michelson interferometer book in the Sagnac interferometer compared with that s, mmd in the Michelson interferometer led to a lowered contrast ratio () owing to grating nonuniformity.

Figure 3(a) shows the experimental setup of the all-reflective Fabry–Perot grating cavity, where the grating is mounted in a Littrow configuration.

Fig. Using Michelson Interferometer, one can determine the wavelength of light from a monochromatic can also be used to calculate the refractive index of a thin film. Since the DASH interferometer is essentially a Michelson two-beam design, there is a factor of in Table 3 accounting for the light exiting the interferometer through the input port.

Table 3 indicates that the effect of the grating blemishes is to reduce the optical efficiency of Mini-MIGHTI to about % (= /) of its design value. Michelson interferometer is a tool to produce interference between two beams of light.

It is the most common design for optical interferometry and was invented by Albert Abraham Michelson. The Michelson interferometer (invented by the American physicist Albert A.

Michelson, –) is a precision instrument that produces interference fringes by splitting a light beam into two parts and then recombining them after they have traveled different optical paths. Figure depicts the interferometer and the path of a light beam from a single point on the extended source S, which.

A Michelson interferometer of fixed-path difference, capable of scanning over only one fringe, has been shown to be useful for the measurement of Doppler shifts from isolated emission lines.

The Michelson–Morley experiment was an attempt to detect the existence of the luminiferous aether, a supposed medium permeating space that was thought to be the carrier of light experiment was performed between April and July by American physicists Albert A.

Michelson and Edward W. Morley at what is now Case Western Reserve University in Cleveland, Ohio, and published in. When the inertial sensor is used for active vibration isolation, the high Q offers a third advantage because it magnifies the control performance around the sensor resonance.

As an example, consider the single d.o.f. isolator shown in Fig. 2(a) where a sensitive equipment (m) mounted on an active suspension is motion x of the equipment is measured with an inertial sensor.

interferometer, m is a measurement of how many fringes apart the associated distance represents. Note in the case of the Michelson interferometer, if the distance the mirror moves is d, then the total path length difference is 2d because of the fact that the light is reflected and travels back through the same distance twice.

Thus it can be. Michelson's interferometer. Varhsa asks: “What is Michelson Interferometer?” Please refer to the following links for a detailed answer. History of the Michelson Interferometer. The Michelson interferometer is the best known of a class of mirrored interferometers known as amplitude-splitting interferometers.

It gained its fame through an experiment of A. Michelson and E. Morley first published in In their experiment, a variant of the device used in this experiment was employed. (Adolf Cortel, August ) The video describes the setup and the building of adjustable supports with allows an easy observation of the interference fringes in a Michelson interferometer.

For classical Michelson interferometer, the beam propagation can be represented by electric field, as shown in Figure 5 [25]. Assuming that all parameters of the optical components are known, the.

Key among these was a prototype instrument and a prototype interferometer. This prototype instrument is referred to as the EDU1 (Engineering Development Unit). A second effort was the build of a prototype interferometer as a part of an internal ITT effort.

This was an uncompensated version of the CrIS interferometer. The Michelson Interferometer is a simple type of interferometer which needs only few optical components, is easy to align and thus is widely used for many applications.

A sketch of a typical setup is shown in figure 1. Figure 1: Michelson Interferometer. To take advantage of the interference effect a coherent light source is essential.

Holmarc's Model No: HO-ED-INTC is a compact Michelson Interferometer. The beam splitter is designed to reflect 50% of the incident light and transmit the other 50%. The incident beam therefore is split into two beams; one beam is reflected towards mirror M 1.

The Michelson interferometer is a common configuration for optical interferometry and was invented by Albert Abraham a beam splitter, a light source is split into two of those light beams is reflected back toward the beamsplitter which then combines their amplitudes using the superposition resulting interference pattern that is not directed back toward.

Design and Evolution. By an experimental Michelson type fringe counting interferometer using a Hg light source as a length standard was tested [], but restricted coherence in atomic sources limited the range to about a pment of a final version capable of measuring length scales proceeded, by good fortune, in parallel with the development of lasers [].

1 day ago  In this study, in-situ electroplating method was used to fabricate a metal joint fixed extrinsic Fabry-Perot interferometric (EFPI) sensor. Specifically, optical fibers were firstly chemical plated with a very thin conductive nickel layer and then electroplated with nickel coating.

After that, in-situ electroplating method was used to fix the metallized optical fibers and the capillary steel. Interferometry 13 Space-time and Gravitation Gravitational Waves LIGO Limits to Measurement 14 Holographic Interferometry Strain Analysis Vibration Analysis Contouring 15 Moire Techniques´ Grating Interferometry 16 Speckle Interferometry Electronic Speckle Pattern Interferometry (ESPI) The Michelson interferometer operates on the principle of division of amplitude rather than on division of wave front.

According to this principle, the incident beam of light falls on a beam splitter, which reflects roughly half of the intensity of the wave front in one direction and transmits the other half of the intensity of the wave front in another direction.

Design, Validation and Prototype Testing of a High Resolution All-Reflection Michelson Interferometer for Solar Occultation Measurements of the 01 A Triplet Emission by Michael W. Gill Lieutenant, United States Navy B.S., California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo, Submitted in partial fulfillment of the.

application of michelson's interferometer determination of wavelength and difference of wavelength - duration: Universal Education Po views   Traceability is the property of a measurement result by which the result can be traced to a known standard through an unbroken chain of comparisons, each contributing to the measurement uncertainty [].Michelson and Benoit [] were the pioneers who developed an interferometer to measure the length of the international prototype meter in terms of the wavelength, by which the definition of.

All-reflection Michelson interferometer: analysis and test for far ir Fourier spectroscopy. Fonck RJ, Huppler DA, Roesler FL, Tracy DH, Daehler M. The beam splitter of the all-reflection Michelson interferometer consists of a combination of three parallel diffraction gratings.

This paper extends the analysis of the instrument to include the. Alignment of Michelson interferometer Equipment needed: Pasco precision interferometry kit, a laser, Na lamp, adjustable-height platform (or a few magazines or books). To simplify the alignment of a Michelson interferometer, it is convenient to work with diverging optical beams.

In this case an interference pattern will look like a set of. A great breadth of expertise is required to manufacture a space qualified, wide-field Michelson interferometer. Polarizing, non-polarizing, cemented, optically contacted (epoxy free bonded), hexagonal, square, small (1mm), large (45mm), UV, visible, IR.

Michelson interferometer. (a) Using collimated nm (wavelength) light, you must determine the angular accuracy needed to form fringes of 1mm spacing o test plane, given an a nominal Michelson interferometer arm length of l 1 = l 2 = 20 cm.

The Michelson interferometer and the interference patterns that can be observed with it are discussed in chap and the most famous experiment performed with this device, the Michelson Morley experiment, in chapter [2] for wavelengths and values of refractive index, see e.g.

CRC tables (available in the lab.). Single photon Michelson interferometer Figure 1 shows the schematic diagram of a single photon Michelson interferometer. A photon enters the interferometer via the beam splitter, is reflected by the mirror, and is then recombined by the beam splitter. We can detect the interference, that is, the photon paths can be arranged such that the.

We report development of a simple and affordable radio interferometer suitable as an educational laboratory experiment.

The design of this interferometer is based on the Michelson and Pease stellar optical interferometer, but instead operates at the radio wavelength of ∼11 GHz (∼ cm), requiring much less stringent optical accuracy in its design and use.

Michelson Summer Workshop – The theory of interferometry 24th July Quiz 3Quiz 3 1. You are observing with a m baseline interferometer at a wavelength of 1 micron. Due to unknown causes, the optical paths in the interferometer are unmatched by 5 microns.

By how. Michelson interferometer is best known for its use in the Michelson-Morley experiment, which disproved the exis-tence of the luminiferous ether and paved the way to the development of the theory of relativity [2].

Shown in Figure3, a Michelson interferometer uses op-tical interference to detect the length di erence between. Topics on the quiz include what a Michelson Interferometer does physically and the purpose of a half-silvered mirror.

Quiz & Worksheet Goals Use this printable worksheet and quiz to review. Interferometry is just two signals adding with each other under special conditions. The special condition here is that of coherence.

We say a something is coherent when it has a defined behaviour, in case of light, we expect the phase relationship.measure distance using this interferometer, and then you will use the interferometer to examine the small motions of an oscillating mechanical system.

Laser Interferometry In this experiment you will be building a basic Michelson interferometer (named after Albert Michelson, who in-vented it in the late nineteenth century).The Michelson interferometer is the tool used for optical interferometry.

Background. It was invented by Albert Abraham Michelson, famous for proving the inexistence of luminiferous aether in the Michelson-Morley experiment. How it works. There are two mirrors in the.